Slight swelling is normal and usually harmless. Your ankles support your legs, carry the weight of your entire body and are important for movement. Pain upon squeezing the back of the calf. Persistent pain and swelling after a DVT is called post-thrombotic syndrome. A doctor may prescribe diuretic medications or suggest methods for reducing the swelling if it is uncomfortable. There are many different causes of swollen ankles. buildup of fluid called lymph in the tissues under your skin when something blocks its normal flow A specific part of the leg(s) could be swollen, or the entire leg(s). Swelling in the ankle and leg could be the result of inflammation due to … Blood clots are one serious cause of leg swelling. Swelling of the feet and ankles can occur as a result of conditions involving the local extremities as well as systemic conditions (diseases and conditions that affect the entire body). Do you experience swelling of the other ankle too? If you feel pain and swelling in your ankle, it could be due to an underlying problem. (Also answer yes if one side is much more swollen than the other side.) Common causes of ankle swelling include the following. Some hereditary conditions can also cause lymphedema. Deep vein thrombosis, or DVT as it is commonly called, is the formation of clot within your deep veins. Rest your leg, foot, and ankle. All Rights Reserved, Dr. Dunn A. This is important to avoid further injury to your ligament and bones. The material on this website is written by Dr. Dunn A. When to seek medical advice. Symptoms of a sprained ankle are swelling, pain, inability to walk, and stiffness. Is the swelling on your ankle compressible? It is essential to tell a doctor if the swelling does not reduce or gets worse after a few days of treatment. Damage to the lymphatic system is irreversible, so treatment aims to reduce swelling and prevent other symptoms. The following lifestyle factors can also help maintain kidney function for as long as possible: The healthy liver produces a protein called albumin. Swelling in both ankles and feet during pregnancy is a common occurrence. Is there anything that makes your swelling go away? This can lead to a range of symptoms, including swollen ankles. If you experience swelling of one ankle joint, it is crucial you see your doctor. This may lead to a buildup of fluid in tissues, including the legs and ankles. Treatment may include medications to prevent seizures and lower blood pressure. An ankle sprain can cause excruciating pain, and you will need a quick relief of symptoms. If this happens, you will have swelling affecting only one ankle. Lymphedema occurs when there is a blockage or some other damage to the lymphatic system. being overweight. Then again, osteoarthritis can affect other joint too. Heart failure. https://www.nhsinform.scot/.../self-management-advice/ankle-problems Swelling is a common side effect of pregnancy, especially in the third trimester. We discuss possible causes, means of prevention, and when to see a doctor. Question: What causes one ankle swelling? Weight loss, exercise, painkiller tablets or cream can make you feel okay. One of the first symptoms of DVT or thrombophlebitis is one swollen leg (especially the calf), as blood pools in the area. In right-sided and congestive heart failure, there is a reduction in blood flow out of the heart, causing blood to back up into the veins. There are three different types of heart failure: left-sided, right-sided, and congestive heart failure. eating too much salty food. Both of these treatments can help reduce swelling in the ankles and legs. If you think your ankle is swollen for no reason, you may be incorrect. If this happens, there is a risk of pulmonary embolism that occurs if clot detaches and travel to lungs. Foot or ankle injury. Patients almost always remember the particular injury, but occasionally even subtle injuries can also lead to ankle swelling. This can cause breathlessness, pain with breathing, and even death. Articles are intended for educational information purposes only. It is caused by a combination of pregnancy hormones, the increased volume of fluid being carried in the blood vessels, and by the growing uterus, which places pressure on the veins that carry blood up from the legs. No, both sides are swollen. But, One leg swelling that is from lymphedema is usually the result of some kind of injury. When you are active it helps the blood flow to leave the legs and go … So, if you feel pain in your hip, knee, or both ankles, its likely due to arthritis. During ESRD, the kidneys struggle to remove waste and extra fluid from the body. That is why the legs and feet are most affected. Ankle sprain, osteoarthritis, Deep vein thrombosis, gout, dislocation, fracture of the lower tibia or fibula bones, fracture of the talus or calcaneus, and cellulitis. Experiencing one leg swelling can often be caused by a blood clot located in a deep vein, also known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT).  Privacy Policy  One leg or both legs could be swollen. To reduce the swelling from a foot or ankle injury, rest to avoid walking on the injured ankle or foot, use ice packs, wrap the foot or ankle with compression bandage, and elevate the foot on a stool or pillow. If a person hurts his leg by pulling a muscle, or falling and bruising it, a little bit of swelling can be considered normal. In some instance, the time it takes for your blood to clot is continually monitored. Heart Problems. In rare cases, cellulitis can be life-threatening without treatment. Lymphedema of one leg occurs when lymphatic flow into the nodes is impaired, either because the nodes have been damaged by infection, tumor or radiation therapy or removed during surgery for cancer in the leg or pelvis 4. When organs aren’t working as well as they should, fluid can build up in the legs. The small blood vessels become leaky, allowing more fluid and immune cells out into the tissues. Last updated on July 26th, 2018 at 04:37 pm. If both legs, it could be symmetrical or worse on one side. Swelling in the ankles, feet and legs is often caused by a build-up of fluid in these areas, called oedema. The truth is, many factors can trigger leg, ankle and foot swelling. The retention of water and blood can cause swelling in the legs. © 2004-2020 Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a Red Ventures Company. Infection of the skin, medically referred to as cellulitis, can cause ankle swelling if you have a laceration or cut on your skin. He currently trains Comunity health extension workers (CHEW) in rural communities in Nigeria. It could be there all the time, or it could come and go. With lots of crap online, I Hope to quickly give reliable information about health. (M.B.B.S) - Written or Reviewed on June 11th, 2018 in, Skin infections in your lower extremities. People with diabetes are particularly … A traumatic injury, such as an ankle sprain or a broken ankle, is the most common cause of ankle swelling. Examples of some treatment options include: Sometimes, a blood clot, or “thrombosis,” can develop in one of the veins in the arm or leg. In mild cases, you may have a minor knock that causes pain and mild swelling. An injury to the foot or ankle can lead to swelling. The ankle is a crucial joint for us as it plays an important role in human gait. Others might be…. The Medplux Blog  Other factors that increase your chances of developing skin infection are Diabetes Mellitus, HIV infection, and persistent IV drug use. Get medical care as soon as possible if: You have unexplained, painful swelling of your feet or legs, particularly if it's only in one leg. These valves usually make sure that blood flows toward the heart. If you smoke, it is important you tell your doctor too. Other common causes of a swollen shin or calf include trauma from an injury that can lead to bruises, fractures, or sprains. It’s the end of the day. This can cause mild or severe swelling and pain of one ankle. These medications can cause severe bleeding due to interfering with the normal clotting mechanism. Lymphedema is a type of swelling that affects the soft tissues in the arms or legs, including the ankles. 3. A doctor can carry out a blood test to check a person’s thyroid hormone levels, and treatment involves taking synthetic thyroid hormones. Do you have swelling of just one foot, ankle, and/or leg? Heart problems such as congestive heart failure and hypertensive heart disease are a common cause of swollen feet and ankles. Preeclampsia is characterized by dangerously high blood pressure and protein in the urine. A doctor can help a person with CVI develop a personalized treatment plan. It is best to see your doctor to decide what works best for you. If swelling and pain is severe or doesn't improve with home treatme… I’m getting paranoid because I’ve looked up Deep Vein Thrombosis and it’s an indicator of a blood clot to have one more swollen than the other.  About Medplux  See your doctor for further treatment options. In many cases, the swelling of the legs happens evenly, without one leg looking larger than the other. Read below for more causes, related symptoms, and treatment options for a swollen foot. However, sudden swelling of the hands and face could be a sign of a potentially life-threatening condition called preeclampsia. It could have come on suddenly or gradually. Skin infections in your lower extremities can cause a swollen ankle. Confirm Deep Vein Thrombosis: A quick test that may help aid in diagnosis is the Homan test: Have someone squeeze both calf muscles. A heart, kidney, liver disease can cause the swelling of your ankle without any physical insult. While planning to see your doctor, The RICE protocol is an effective treatment. In 1000 people in the leg, and abdomen had an accident or twisted your without. The aim is primarily preventing small clots from growing bigger likely to happen your... Updated on July 26th, 2018 in, skin infections in your veins, in... Or inflamed swelling affecting only one leg swelling that spreads rapidly on 30. Does it interact with the venous circulation system, the ligament is torn causing joint.... 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